Which Fir’uan Was It and Who Is Hamman
There have been about nearly 170 or more Pharaohs stretched back to 3100 BC. So it is very hard to pin point the exact Pharaoh which lived at the time of Prophet Musa (May Peace of of Allah be on him). But there is only one Prophet Musa ???? ?????? thus if we can determine the date of Prophet Musa ???? ?????? then we will know which Fir’uan it was. Then again, we cannot look in any other calendar other then the Islamic the reason being, Islamic calendar is the only accurate record we have. The Jewish and the Christian calendars have faults in them, from their foundation and have been corrected many times in history. For example the first CE (Common Era) did not start from a ‘zero’ because Roman numerals don’t have a Zero, and then came the Julian calendar which was introduced by Julius Caesar (100 or 102-44 BC).
Since the time which the earth takes to complete its orbit is 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 46 seconds, in the Julian calendar a year was about eleven minutes longer than a solar year. The resulting cumulative error became about ten days by the close of the sixteenth century, which was rectified in 1582 by Pope Gregory X111 (1502-85), who ordained that 5 October in that year be called 15 October. In order to prevent further accumulation of error, he also ordered that while each year divisible by four should contain 366 days, as in the Julian calendar, centenary years should be counted as Leap years only if they are divisible by 400. Thus, 1600 was a Leap year but not 1700, 1800 or 1900, while 2000 CE will be a Leap year. It is this modified version, known as the Gregorian calendar, which is in use now.
Different countries adopted the calendar at different times. Great Britain (including her Dominions), for instance, did not adopt it until 1752, by which time she found herself eleven days behind the rest of Europe which was rectified by 3 September being reckoned as 14 September. It was adopted by Italy, France, Spain, Portugal and Luxembourg in 1582, Poland in 1586, Japan in 1872, China in 1912, Turkey and Soviet Russia in 1918 and by Greece as late as 1923.
Islamic calendar hasn’t gone through any modifications and has been consistent since its inauguration, so because of this and many other reasons I have chosen Islamic sources for dating.
In the famous Tafseer (commentary of the Noble Qur`aan) of Jalal’an its mentioned, from the source of Alama Saueti that the gape between Prophet Musa ???? ?????? and Prophet Dawood ???? ?????? is 569 or 579 years and Prophet Suleiman ???? ?????? lived for 59 years of age. The gape between Prophet Suleiman ???? ??????, from his demise to the birth of our Prophet Muhammad ??? ???? ???? ? ??? is 1700 years. Keeping all these important year gaps in mind, we can work out the approximate dates of all the Prophets that are mentioned. 
In this time line I have used a lunar dating system which is 11 days shorter every year from solar calendar so the solar year at 1739BC from 0BC will be, 1686BC (Approx.). The Pharaoh mentioned in books who lived at this time is Neferhotep II but there is no mention of Prophet Musa ???? ?????? however it known to be the second intermediate period of the fourteenth dynasty. Either the dating system of the modern Egyptologists is wrong in respect to Prophet Musa (May Peace of of Allah be on him) or this event of Prophet Musa ???? ?????? was a minor affair in Egyptian annals. There are few events corroborated by ancient Egyptian records regarding this affair.It is known commonly that it was Ramesses II (1279-1212) who dealt with Prophet Musa ???? ??????. But Ramesses II’s date does not coincide with Prophet Musa ???? ??????. Determining the date of Prophet Musa ???? ?????? gives us the time but does not tell us accurately which Pharaoh lived then. Relying on the common theory of Ramesses II being the Pharaoh proves nothing.
I had to look for some one else, a third person. This led my search to the third person that is mentioned in the Noble Qur`aan together with Fir’uan, which of course is ‘Hamman’ who is mentioned in the Noble Qur`aan six times, Surah 28:6, 8 and 38 Surah 29:39 Surah 40:24 and verse 36.
[This is an extract from the works of Harun Yahya] 
Surprisingly the name of Hamman is never mentioned in those sections of the Torah pertaining to the life of Prophet Musa ???? ??????. However, the mention of Hamman can be found in the last chapters of the Old Testament as the helper of a Babylonian king who inflicted many cruelties on the Israelites approximately 1,100 years after Prophet Musa ???? ??????.
Some non-Muslims, who claim that the Prophet Mohammed ??? ???? ???? ? ??? wrote the Qur’aan by copying from the Torah and the Bible, also assert that during the process, he transferred some of the subjects related in these books into the Qur’aan incorrectly.
The absurdity of these claims was demonstrated only after the Egyptian hieroglyphic alphabet had been deciphered, approximately 200 years ago, and the name “Hamman” discovered in the ancient scripts. Before these discoveries, the writings and inscriptions of ancient Egypt could not be understood. The language of ancient Egypt was hieroglyphic, which survived through the ages. However, with the spread of Christianity and other cultural influences in the 2nd and 3rd centuries CE, Egypt forsook its ancient beliefs as well as hieroglyphic writing.
The last known example of the use of hieroglyphic writing was an inscription dated 394 CE. Then that language was forgotten, leaving nobody who could read and understand it. And that was the situation until some 200 years ago…
The mystery of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics was solved in 1799 by the discovery of a tablet called the Rosetta Stone dating back to 196 B.C. The importance of this inscription was that it was written in three different forms of writing: Hieroglyphics, demotic (a simplified form of ancient Egyptian hieratic writing) and Greek. With the help of the Greek script, the ancient Egyptian writings were decoded. The translation of the inscription was completed by a Frenchman named Jean-Françoise Champollion. Hence a forgotten language and the events related in it were brought to light. In this way, a great deal of knowledge about the civilization, religion and social life of ancient Egypt became available.
Through the decoding of hieroglyph, an important piece of knowledge was revealed: the name “Hamman” was indeed mentioned in Egyptian inscriptions. This name was referred to in a monument in the Hof Museum in Vienna. 
In the dictionary of “People in the New Kingdom,” that was prepared based on the entire collection of inscriptions, Hamman is said to be “the head of stone quarry workers”. 
The result revealed a very important truth. Unlike the false assertion of the opponents of the Qur’aan, Hamman was a person who lived in Egypt at the time of Prophet Musa ???? ??????, who had been close to the Pharaoh, and had been involved in construction work, just as imparted in the Qur’aan.
Furthermore, the verses in the Qur’aan describing the event where the Pharaoh asked Hamman to build a tower, is in perfect agreement with this archaeological finding.
Statue of Hamon, Khufu’s master builder, Hildesheim Museum.
The chief of works thought to have been Pharaoh Khufu’s cousin Hemon who’s statue was discovered in the mastaba tomb close by his masterpiece. 
From this we learn that the Pharaoh responsible for building the Great Pyramid was Khufu and his cousin Hamman but there is absolutely no evidence to suggests that Khufu was the Fir’uan that is mentioned in the Noble Qur`aan but that does not rule him out for not being either. What we can say is that Hamman does provide us with information conforming that Srhan has to be the great Pyramid of Giza.
In conclusion, the existence of the name Hamman in the ancient Egyptian inscriptions not only rendered the fabricated claims of the opponents of the Noble Qur’aan worthless, but also confirmed one more time the fact that the Qur’aan comes from Allah ?????? ???????. In a miraculous way, the Noble Qur’aan conveys to us historical information that could not have been possessed or understood at the time of the Prophet ??? ???? ???? ? ???.
The Noble Qur`aan proved to us that it has the answers we need and is the only revelation of Allah ?????? ??????? which is unaltered. Therefore, we need to explore it very carefully and attentively what the Noble Qur`aan relates to us and contemplate it.
Keys to the Temple, David Furlong page 71
Tafseer Mazhari (Urdu) Vol.9 Page 118
Tafseer Mazhari (Urdu) Vol.10 Page 232
Keys to the Temple, David Furlong, page 76
Peter A Clayton, Chronicles of the pharaohs, page.83
Harun Yahya Perished Nations page, 98
Peter A Clayton, Chronicles of the Pharaohs, page 83
Peter A Clayton, Chronicles of the Pharaohs, page 89
Tafseer Jalal’an page 275 (hashia) footnote 8
Walter Wreszinski, Aegyptische Inschriften aus dem K.K. Hof Museum in Wien, 1906, J. C. Hinrichs’ sche Buchhandlung
Hermann Ranke, Die ?gyptischen Personennamen, Verzeichnis der Namen, Verlag Von J. J. Augustin in Glückstadt, Band I, 1935, Band II, 1952
Peter A Clayton, Chronicles of the pharaohs, PG.47
I KHAN 10/07/03 ©